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Nosferatu (Prana 1922)

Nosferatu (Prana 1922)

Although made in 1921, and released in Berlin on the 4th of March, 1922, F W Murnau’s seminal vampire film, Nosferatu, didn’t see the light of day in the USA until the 3rd of June, 1929.

Subtitled ‘eine Symphonie des Grauens’ (a symphony of shudders), this was the only film made by its production company, Prana, which had been founded in 1921 by Enrico Dieckmann and Albin Grau. It was Grau himself who had the idea to make a vampire film, and so duly appointed the promising expressionist film maker Murnau to direct, and Henrik Galeen to come up with a screenplay inspired by Bram Stoker’s Dracula.

Nosferatu (Prana 1922)

Small print: Graf Orlok (Max Schreck) surveys the contract for his property purchase in Nosferatu (Prana 1922)

Galeen set about the task, changing names and locations, but still the similarities were too obvious and too many. Stoker’s widow sued, and a court order was issued for the destruction of all prints of the film. Unlucky for them, but hugely fortuitous for us, one copy survived and, today, the film is enjoyed as an immortal classic.

Nosferatu 1922 Ultimate Guide Magazine

Its legacy is vast, and influences from it infuse later retellings of the tale. Count Dracula became Graf Orlok, and was creepily played by Max Schreck, a forty-one year old Berliner new to cinema. His sharp-toothed, skull capped, taloned cadaver of a bloodsucker remains eerily haunting rather than outright shocking. To see him slowly rise from his coffin in one rigid, unarticulated upward swing, is still one of the great breathtaking moments of horror cinema.

Nosferatu (Prana 1922)

Hide and seek: Orlok (Max Schreck) hunts down the crew of the Demeter in Nosferatu (Prana 1922)

In 2012, scenes from Nosferatu were included in the Dark Romanticism exhibition at the Städel in Frankfurt, as an example to illustrate the way in which ideas developed in 18th and 19th-century art, and influenced story telling and aesthetics in 20th-century cinema.

Horror Movies: An Illustrated History Volume 1 The Silents and the Golden Age

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    Doug Graves
    March 12, 2016

    Hey do you wanna get 1 of the best prints of this film that are available? Well I know the place to go where you can get this and 1910 Edison’s Frankenstein on the same Factory Pressed DVD and these are both the best versions you will ever have seen. The 1910 Edison’s Frankenstein is right from the original Nitrate Film from the Al Dettlaff collection. Here is a link to the only place that is authorized to sell this version of the movie and dvd. When you order tell them you saw this post and they will add a replica of the original Edison Kinetogram from March 15, 1910 that was handed out at the showing of the film. Contact Graveyard Records & Movie Maniacs at for your copy on DVD

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